Tirunelveli District is surrounded by Tuticorin and Virudhunagar Dstricts in the
North , Western Ghats in the Week , Kanya kumari District in the south and Gulf
on Manner in the East . The total area is 6819.20 Square Kms. Having 3 Revenues
Divisional , 11 Taluks, 5 Municipalities , 1Corporation , 38 Town Panchayats Unions
and 631 Revenue Villages.
The Population as per 2001 census is 28,01,194.
Male - 13,72,082. Female - 14,29,112.
Total area of the wet land is 79668 Hr, and Dry land is 3,59,639 Hr. The District
has nearly 1/4th (23.5% of its total area under cultivation . Of this 67% is cultivated
only once in a year and 35% of the area is cultivated more than once in a year.
Forest and fallow lands account for 18.8 % of the total area respectively.
The major occupation of the people is Agriculture . Agriculture being mostly rain
fed, labour availability is highly seasonal. Of the total population, 5,21,306 are
landless labours - that is about 21%. The alternative options vary from beedi rolling
to Quarry works.
Beedi rolling, Match & Fire works, Brick works, small Engineering works are major
off-farm occupations of the people. Match & Fire works spread around Kuruvikulam
& Sankarankoil Development Blocks. Beedi rolling is concentrated in 10 Blocks. Brick
Works in Vallioor, Ambai, Alangulam.
The Beedi industry has a history of 75 years in this District. Today there are more
than 96 Trade marks manufacturers with the assistance of 1004 main and sub-contractors.
At an average 250 crore beedies are manufactured per month 95% of the Beedi Rolling
is done by women and female children. (Ref Match a commission Report in the Supreme
Court of India Write Petition (Civil) No.1262/87.
A door to door survey was undertaken with the help of Arivozhi Volunteers during
August 1995 in Tirunelveli District. About 5 Lakhs survey formats were printed Red
Cross Society, Madras and training classes about survey were given to Arivozhi Volunteers
the survey was completed in the month of August 1995. The total No. of child labour
identified in Tirunelveli District as per survey is detailed below :
Inspite of the fact that employment of children is banned under various acts, socio-economic
and cultural factors force the children to work consequently, their physical, mental,
intellectual and emotional development are stunted. However, many African and Asian
Countries, much poorer than India have managed successfully to solve this problem.
In view of the successful examples, it is possible to solve the issue of child labour
in a phased manner.
The parents and the public should realize the falsity of the conventional understanding
that child labour is the result of wide spread poverty alone. It is the problem
of general apathy of the parents and public towards the vulnerable condition of
the child workers. The parents and the public should be sensitized on the issue
of children loosing their childhood itself. So it is planned to build up awareness
among the people through various means.
National Child Labour Project is a Project run specially for child Labour by Ministry
of Labour, Government of India. In India, the project covers 271 Districts. In Tamilnadu,
16 Districts were operating the Project.
National Child Labour Project was introduced in Tirunelveli District from December’99.
Special Schools were started from 01.03.00. 50 Schools were opened for a total strength
of 2,500 Children.
Special Schools are entrusted to NGOs and the expenditure is being reimbursed every
month. No advance is paid to NGOs.
First phase of the programme was completed by 31.05.03 and schools were relocated
where concentration of child labour is more. On the basis of survey conducted by
SSA, NGO, SHG’s and NCLP staff, every year, relocation is being done.
Identified child labourers were admitted in Special Schools after due motivation;
they were mainstreamed within two years. The adolescence groups of children were
given life skill training along with vocational training.
5,033 children were mainstreamed. 5,204 children have been completed life skill
training along with Vocational Training and used for their life. Nearly 600 children
purchased sewing machine with the help of the stipend given to them.
During the year 1995, Government Survey has been conducted especially for child labourers and 63,316 child labourers were identified. On the basis of the survey National Child Labour Project was introduced in Tirunelveli District during December 1999. The following Survey has been done in Tirunelveli District to identify child labourers.
Special School children have been given Rs.150/- per month as stipend to motivate
them towards education. The amount was deposited in Post Offices in the Joint Account
with their parents.
Free Noon meals is being supplied to Special School Children. Regular School menu
is being followed in Special Schools.
Government of Tamilnadu sanctioned free supply of one set of uniform from 2004 to
State Government issued orders to issue Free Bus Passes to enable the children from
neighbouring villages to attend the Special school. Transport Corporation has issued
the passes to all eligible cases.
Free textbooks have been supplied to Special School children through Education Department.
In the special schools preference was given to local community and minimum qualification
for teacher is fixed as higher secondary level. Training to special school teachers
are being given by the project society. Services of Resource persons from DIET and
SSA were utilized. In the training programme various aspects like joyful learning,
preparing teaching aids, play way methods, awareness songs and conducting Cultural
Programmes are being given.
Life skill Training, Science, Maths and English Trainings were given to Special
School Teachers by office of Commissioner of Labour, Chennai and Kit boxes for the
same were issued to Special Schools by Unicef.
Children those who are identified as child labourers are admitted in Special Training
Centres, after due motivation towards education they were admitted in regular schools
according to their age and standard within the maximum period of two years. Till
date 5,033 children were mainstreamed.
In each school one vocational teacher is appointed. Vocational Teachers were trained
by experts in particular trade and same was given to adolescent girls. Basket making,
stitching, Toys making, Fur doll, Jewel making, Simple Chemicals, Napkin preparation,
Sarees Printing & Painting and Book binding were important Vocational Training given
to adolescent girls along with life skill training. 5,199 children have completed
vocational training from the year 2000 onwards.
All the children enrolled in the special schools under went medical check up by
the nearby Primary Health Centre Medical Officers. The Medical Officers have been
asked to visit the schools once in two months. Government of India allowed Honorarium
to the Medical Officers those who are conducting medical check up in the special
schools. Individual medical cards are being maintained in the Special schools for
children. Referral cases were taken to the District Head Quarters Hospital for further
Special Medical Camps are arranged for Special School children twice in a year.
All specialists took part in the Special Medical Camps. Referral cases are taken
to Headquarters Hospital and Special care is being taken to these children. Free
Spectacles were given to the children those who are found defects in eye sight.
All the Special Schools are inspected once in a month by the Project Director and
monthly twice by the Field Officers and Weekly twice by the Field Assistants. B.D.Os,
SSA Staff and officials from ICDS, Labour and Medical officers are inspecting schools
at regular intervals.
District Collector and Chairman have been conducted Review Meeting regarding functioning
of Special Training Centres. Once in three months, officials from Education, Labour,
Factories, Social Welfare, ICDS, Women Development, Public Relations, Panchayat
Development, Corporation and NGOs who are running Special Schools are participated.
During the Review meetings, Convergence of service, mainstreaming, identification
and Joint raids are also reviewed.
Apart from the formal education, to have social consciousness and general knowledge,
daily Newspapers are supplied to special school. Special School children are taken
to nearest Places of interest like Kanyakumari, Kodaikanal, Rameshwaram etc as Educational
excursion. For creating the science knowledge to these children, they are visiting
Science Centre in Tirunelveli District periodically.
Place of the School
Narikuravar Colony, Pettai
Raja Nagar, Melapalayam
Nadar Pudhu Theru
N.S.K. Street, Pettai
(Child Jesus Higher Sec. School)
Palayamkottai (Children’s day Rally)
Tirunelveli Town (Children’s Day)
Pettai, M.D.T. Hindu College (NSS) -
Pettai, M.D.T. Hindu College (NSS)
Due to election code of conduct limited number of programmes has been conducted.
Pettai, Narikuravar Colony
Vannarpettai (Anti-child Labour Day)
Suttamalli - child line
Womens conference, Tirunelveli
Narikuravar Colony, Pettai
Tirunelveli Town (Children’s Day)
Palayamkottai (Right to Education Act Awareness - NCLP Teachers)
Vallam (NSS Camp - J.P. College boys)
Pettai (NSS Camp- SCAD Polytechnic)
Vallam (NSS Camp - J.P. College Girls)
Two days child labour orientation programme has been conducted to 40 identified
child labour in association with Central Labour Education Board, Madurai Region
on 26.07.12 , 27.07.12 and 06.11.12 , 07.11.12.