The Government is committed to achieve higher growth rate in the primary sector
and taking all efforts to usher in “Second Green Revolution” for improving farm
productivity and farmers’ income. To achieve the above vision, the Agricultural
Engineering Department is continuing its efforts in conserving and developing the
natural resources of land and water in the State. Programmes for promoting agricultural
mechanisation to overcome the difficulties due to shortage of farm workers in the
rural areas are given due importance on a mission mode. On farm development works
for increasing water use efficiency in command areas and soil & water conservation
works for preventing land degradation are taken up. Front end advanced technologies
are being adopted for recharging the ground water through recharge shaft in the
water harvesting structures.
The availability of farm workers in rural areas is reducing due to migration of
the labourers to non-farm sectors. The shortage of farm workers causes difficulties
in carrying out timely farm operations and serious set back to the efforts in increasing
the agricultural production. To overcome these hurdles and to increase the farm
power, a focused approach is being taken to make available required machinery /
implements for agricultural operations through Agricultural Mechanisation Programmes.
Farmers applying for subsidized farm machinery have to attach the following with
Popularising agricultural machinery / implements in agriculture is being implemented
under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Macro Management of Agriculture with the
financial assistance from the Centre and State Government on 90:10 basis respectively.
Under this scheme, subsidy assistance is provided to farmers to purchase Tractors,
Power Tillers and Rotavators as per the norms of the Government of India guidelines.
During 2012-2013, the Agricultural Mechanisation Programme is proposed with an outlay
of Rs.12.75Lakhs under the Macro Management of Agriculture in Tirunelveli District.
Budget received and the achievement made for Rs.6.05 Lakhs because of subsidy difference
compared to NADP Scheme.
To promote the use of agricultural machinery and implements in agriculture, the
Agricultural Mechanisation Programme is being implemented in a larger scale under
the NADP wit the 100% assistance from State Government. Under this scheme 50% subsidy
assistance is provided to farmers for purchasing agricultural machinery / implements
subject to the ceiling limit prescribed for each implements and a maximum ceiling
limit of Rs.4.00 lakhs for General Category farmers and Rs.5.00 Lakhs for SC/ST
category farmers to purchase high cost farm machinery like Combined Harvesters and
Paddy Transplanters. Budget received for 2012-2013 is Rs.147.23Lakhs under National
Agriculture Development Programme(General Category Farmers) and Rs.46.215lakhs under
National Agriculture Development Programme (SC/ST Category Farmers) for Tirunelveli
District and achieved the target full.
To popularise the use of newly developed agricultural machineries implements among
the farming community, demonstrations were conducted at the farmer’s fields. The
programme is implemented with 100% assistance from Central Government. 15 Nos of
demonstrations @ the rate of Rs.3000/- per demonstration were completed during 2012-13
in Tirunelveli Dt and 395 Nos of farmers participated in the demonstrations.
The Agricultural Mechanisation Programme is being implemented in a mission mode
to popularise the use of the newly developed agricultural machinery / implements
in Agriculture to improve farm power and increase agricultural production. In order
to improve the technical know- how of the young farmers in handling and maintenance
of the newly developed agricultural machinery / implements, trainings are imparted
to the rural youth on various aspects of operation, repair and maintenance of agricultural
machinery / implements promoted under the Agricultural Mechanisation Programme.The
budget received for Rs.7.15 Lacks on 06.02.2013 for 3 months training programme
for 2 batches (25Nos rural youth per batch) is proposed during 2012-2013 and the
training going on.
In order to simplify the procedure for allotting agricultural machinery to farmers,
a new facility has been launched for online booking of agricultural machinery under
custom hiring. This system would help the farmers to know the availability of agricultural
machinery and booking from their mobile phone. This will save time in allotting
the machinery to the farmers and will pave way for efficient, quick and transparent
system for custom hiring.
The dearth of farm workers in the rural areas causes a serious set back to the efforts
in increasing the agricultural production in the State. To overcome the hurdles
due to the shortage of farm workers, it is proposed to form farmers group and train
them in operation and maintenance of farm machinery for taking up agricultural operations
for paddy, pulses, millets etc. on need base. These groups of farm workers could
be engaged in various farm operations by the farmers duly paying nominal charges.
The Farmers Group consists of 15 or 16 farmers, comprising of rural youths, small
/ marginal farmers and SC farmers within their jurisdiction and the Farmers Group
should be registered under the Society Act. The farmers group may be divided into
four sub-groups and placed in nearby blocks.
An amount of Rs.30000/- is allotted to impart training in operation and maintenance
of farm machineries to the farmers group.
To increase irrigated agriculture productivity and Farm Power in Tamil Nadu, the
scheme of Irrigated Agriculture Modernisation and Water bodies Restoration and Management
(TN IAMWARM) Project is being implemented with assistance from World Bank. The project
is spread over the period of six years from 2007-2008 to 2012-2013 and implemented
by the Public Works Department, Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and various
other departments. The project outlay completed for the components of Agricultural
Engineering Department during the year 2012-13 in 5 sub-basins under this project
is Rs.22.20 Lakhs in Tirunelveli District.
The scope for improving Water Use Efficiency lies mainly in expanding the area under
Micro Irrigation. Hence, to conserve and use water more efficiently, popularisation
of Micro Irrigation Systems of Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation among the farmers is
being taken up on a massive scale under the project. As Micro Irrigation Scheme
is one of the most important interventions required to enhance farm productivity,
100% subsidy assistance is given to small and marginal farmers and 75% subsidy assistance
to other farmers for putting up drip and sprinkler irrigation systems under Micro
Irrigation Scheme. In the Micro Irrigation Scheme target to cover an area of 103.00.0
hectares during 2012-2013, but covered for an area of 111.33.5 hectares. Besides,
other components like publicity, IEC activities, capacity building, etc. are also
taken up under this IAMWARM project.
Water is the critical input for all growing sectors including agriculture and the
area under well irrigation is constantly increasing over years which had resulted
in over exploitation of ground water. In view of this, the ground water table is
lowered below the economic pumping level besides sea water intrusion into the inland
aquifer in the coastal region. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to take up
Rain Water Harvesting programmes in a massive manner for recharging the ground water
aquifers to the extent possible.
To improve the moisture regime of the watershed for increased land use, Rain Water
Harvesting and Runoff Management structures such as check dams, percolation ponds,
farm ponds, new village tanks, ooranies and recharge shafts are constructed in all
districts except Chennai and the Nilgiris. Under this programme, the beneficiaries
are required to contribute 10% of the cost of works executed in community lands
in cash (it is 5% in case of SC/ST), which will be deposited in the name of the
Village Development Association / Watershed Association and the accrued interest
will be utilised for the maintenance of assets created in community lands. Works
in patta lands are taken up with 90% assistance and the remaining 10% is collected
as beneficiary share (it is 5% in case of SC/ST) in the form of cash / labour /
material.For the year 2012-13, funds received only at the end of March 2013 for
Rs.24.06Lakhs hence the funds surrendered and will be commenced after revalidation.
To augment the ground water aquifer for improving the ground water table, artificial
ground water recharge structures such as check dams, village tanks, ooranies, percolation
ponds with recharge shaft are constructed to harvest rain water. The programme is
taken up with 100% assistance from the Government. During this is year, works sanctioned
during 2011-12, for an amount of Rs.22.43 Lakhs have been executed in the year 2012-13
The harvesting, conservation and management of the rain water is very important
in dry land to reduce the impact of the moisture stress and bring about sustainability
in pulses production. During 2012-2013, 28Nos new farm ponds have been constructed
under the National Agricultural Development Programme at a cost of Rs.22.05 Lakhs
for giving supplemental irrigation to pulse crops so as to enhance the production
and productivity in Tirunelveli district.
In Tamil Nadu, the land available for agriculture is subjected to soil erosion of
varying degrees which results in degradation of cultivable land. Hence, Soil and
Water Conservation programmes are taken up in a larger scale to prevent soil erosion,
to prevent land degradation and to improve soil moisture regime for sustainable
increase in agricultural production.
Soil & Water Conservation Measures under Western Ghats Development Programme are
being implemented to ensure eco-restoration, eco-development and eco-protection
in Western Ghats areas of Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Virudhunagar,
Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts. Soil and water conservation measures such
as contour rubble bunds, gabion structures, check dams, drainage line treatment
works, water harvesting structures, farm ponds, percolation ponds, village ponds,
land shaping are taken up under this programme. The beneficiary contribution is
10% of the cost of works if taken up in their patta lands and it is 5% in case of
SC/ST beneficiaries. For community works, 5% of the cost of works is collected as
beneficiary contribution. For the year 2012-2013, Western Ghats Development programme
Works have been granted for an outlay of Rs.93.981 lakhs in Tirunelveli district
in the March2013 end and the works will be commenced shortly.
Name of Farmer with address to whom machinery / Implements given
K.P. Tamil Selvan,
S/o, Petchimuthu Thevar,
S/o, Nainar Thevar,
W/o, Sahul Hammed,
R. Subramanian (Others)
2, Vayal theru
Land Care Engg. Tirunelveli Greaves GS 15 DIL
E. Pattamuthu (Others)
S/o, M. Esakkithevar
Sri Venkateswara enterprises VST Sakthi 130 DI
S. Kadarkaraiyandi (SC)
Thenpothigai Motors Agro Imp. Vallioor
Kavi - GN 15L
P. Johnson Ponraj (Others)
E. Pitchaiah konar (other)
S. Samuvel (Others)
M. Jeyachandran (Oth)